Foreword

The Evergreen Digest is designed to equip you with knowledge, wisdom, power and authority to tap divine blessing and authority from God. It’s also a mirror to assess your daily living for the glory of God.

It is therefore my expectation that every reader will make good use of this digest in order to experience heaven on earth. Remember, God’s word is life, and how much you have determined your level of authority and right with God.

Therefore open your mind and allow the Holy Spirit guide you in every Sunday School Class. Introduce it to your friends when they asked the secret behind your new life.

Pastor S. M. Okon

General Overseer

 National Headquarters

MbakItam 3

  1. O. Box 158,

Uyo, AkwaIbom State.

Dedication

This digest is dedicated to the Lord Jesus Christ, the only savior and to the Holy Spirit, the Leader of Missions.

Pastor Bassey E. Akpan

 

Table of Content

 

Date                                        Contents                                           Page

Foreword

Dedication

Table of Content

General Introduction

         

January

3                      Apollos (A Learner – Teacher)

10                    Aquila and Priscilla

17                    Cain and Abel

24                    Hosea and Gomer

31                    The Book of Jude

February

7                      Lot

14                    Power over Demons

21                    The Beatitudes I

28                    The Beatitudes II

March

7                      The Beatitudes III

14                    Noah

21                    Esau

Vision of Worship

April

The Carnal mind and the Spiritual mind

Jezebel

Lot’s wife

The Transfiguration

May

Suffering for Righteousness

The Triumphant Entry

Revelation Part IV (The Church in Smyrna)

Revelation Part V (The Church at Pergamos)

June

Revelation Part VI (The Church at Thyatira)

Revelation Part VII (The Church at Laodicea)

Jesus, the Son of Man

Jesus, the Messiah

Jesus, the Son of God

General Introduction

This Sunday School Booklet covers the whole twelve months of the year 2021, i.e. January – December.

The Bible discussion method is used because of its numerous advantages especially in ensuring the active participation of every member of each group. The leader avoids doing the talking all the time but rather guides the discussion politely and cheerfully using the questions provided.

All the studies follow the same pattern, i.e. Topic, Text, Memory Verse, Introduction, Review Questions, and Application. It is believed that this pattern will enable everyone to derive maximum benefits from each study.

The Sunday School Teachers are expected to meet every week to prayerfully discuss the study for the next Sunday. Members should also be encouraged to study the lesson ahead of time.

Special thanks to every contributor toward the production of this 2021 Evergreen Digest.

Pastor Bassey E. Akpan

For: Sunday School Department

Sunday                                   January 3, 2021

Topic:                                     Apollos (A Learner – Teacher)

Text:                                       Acts 18:24, 19:1; I Cor. 3:5-8

 

Memory Verse:                      2 Timothy 2:15, “Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.”

 

Introduction

Apollos was an Alexandrian Jew who was brought up in the teaching of John the Baptist. He was zealous for the Lord’s work and always loved to share the word of God with the believers at meetings. Although he was instructed only in the baptism of John, yet he made the best use of the little that he know of the Lord to encourage the believers. He was self confident and bold in passing the word to others. Although he spoke eloquently in the Church, he still humbled himself to learn more from others (i.e. Aquila and Priscilla) who expounded the scriptures to him. Thus Apollos, though in the scriptures and teaching others, also became a student under other teachers. Aquila and Priscilla also corrected and taught Apollos with humility, without publicly condemning him as being shallow in the word. One cannot be a better teacher if one refuses to be a humble student.

 

Review Questions

  1. Mention Apollos’ qualification as recorded in the passage. Acts 18:24
  2. What aspect of the scriptures did Apollos know? V. 25
  3. What did Aquila and Priscilla do when they heard Apollos’ teaching? V. 26
  4. What did the believers in Ephesus do to Apollos when he was about to leave them? V. 27
  5. How did Apollos convince the people that Jesus was Christ? V. 28
  6. What type of work do you think Apollos was doing? I Cor. 3:6a
  7. Who prospers the preaching of the gospel? V. 6b

Application

  1. How can our failure in taking correction results in our spiritual down fall
  2. What do you think made Apollos to be mighty in the scripture?
  3. What would you do when you hear an “anointed” man of God sharing the scripture wrongly

Sunday                                   January 10, 2021

Topic:                                     Aquila and Priscilla

Text:                                       Acts 18:1-3, 18-28

 Memory Verse:                      Phil. 2:3, “Let nothing be done through strife or vain glory”

Introduction

Aquila and Priscilla were husband and wife. Aquila was a Jew while Priscilla was from an aristocratic Roman family. They resided in Italy until Claudius, the Roman emperor commanded all the Jews to leave Rome. They left Italy and came to settle in Corinth where Paul met them. They tool Paul into their home and he agreed to stay with them because they had embrace the faith and were of the same occupation of tent making as Paul. Paul stayed with them for quite some time in Corinth before moving to Ephesus and while leaving he took the couple along with him to help him in the work at Ephesus.

Aquila and Priscilla were faithful, fervent and mature in the Lord. They were ready to lay down their lives for the gospel’s sake and even pastured a church in their home. Their maturity was better shown in the way they treated Apollos. Apollos was a new person in Ephesus who came preaching and teaching the word of God publicly. He was an eloquent teacher, very fervent in the spirit and taught others diligently according to the level of his knowledge of the word of God.

When Aquila and Priscilla noticed a defect in his teaching, they did not ridicule or embarrass him in public but privatelt took him in and in the spirit of meekness expounded the word of God to him more perfectly. This act equipped Apollos in his service for the Lord.

Review Questions

  1. Who are Aquila and Priscilla and how did Paul come in contact with them? Acts 18:2
  2. What did Aquila and Priscilla have in common with Paul that made him to stay with them? V. 3
  3. Where did Paul take them to when he left Corinth? V. 18-19
  4. Who was Apollos and what did he do when he came to Ephesus? V. 24-25
  5. What was lacking in the Apollos’ teaching? V. 25
  6. How did Aquila and Priscilla handle the situation? V. 26
  7. What was the resultant effect of the couples teaching in Apollos ministry? V. 28

Application

  1. As a mature Christian, what should be your reaction when you see a brother or sister who does not handle the word of God effectively?
  2. How do you receive ministers in your home as compared with Aquila and Priscilla?

Sunday                                   January 17, 2021

Topic:                                     Cain and Abel

Text:                                       Genesis 4:1-12

 Memory Verse:                      Romans 12:1, “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.”

Introduction

Cain and Abel were the first set of children of Adam and Eve after they fall in the Garden of Eden. Cain, the elder was a farmer while Abel was a shepherd. In the process of time it became necessary for them to offer to God their fruits. Each brought his offerings, but God had respect for the offerings of Abel. This situation angered Cain who later killed his brother instead of finding out why his offerings were rejected. Today a lot of people are going the way of Cain. They don’t take time to offer to God an acceptable offering both in cash and kind; they are instead overtaken by the spirit of jealousy when other people receive blessings for doing what pleases God. We should always be ready to give God the best of everything we have when occasion demands it. We should also see ourselves as hindrances to our blessings when we give grudgingly. God is no respecter of persons.

 

Review Questions

  1. What is the relationship between Cain and Abel and what are their occupations? V. 2
  2. What is the difference between Cain and Abel’s offerings? V. 3 & 4
  3. Why was Cain downcast? V. 5
  4. Why was Cain’s offering not accepted by God? V. 7
  5. How did Cain carry out his evil intention on Abel? V. 8
  6. What answer did Cain give to God when he was asked about his brother, Abel? V. 9
  7. What punishment did God give to Cain for murder? Vs. 11 & 12

 

Application

  1. Why will one’s offering be rejected by God?
  2. Have you ever found yourself in a situation when you are of a double mind with regards to giving God something of great value? How did you overcome that?
  3. How can we be our brothers’ keeper?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   January 24, 2021

Topic:                                     Hosea and Gomer

Text:                                       Hosea 1:1-11; 3:1-5

 

Memory Verse:                      I Peter 3:18, “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God …”

 

Introduction

Hosea was a prophet in the land of Judah. His name means “God is my salvation”. He married a prostitute called Gomer, to signify how the nations of Israel and Judah have committed harlotry with other gods thereby departing from the living God. The couple had three children namely: Jezreel, Lo-ru-ha-mah and Lo-am-mi. these children’s names reveal God’s state of mind to the nation of Israel. With reference to our lesson of today the whole bible is against a believer being unequally yoke with an unbeliever. The prophet had many problems because of the behaviour of Gomer. There was a time he had to go looking for her to come back home. This action of the prophet describes how God goes looking for sinners to come back to Him.

 

Review Questions

  1. Name the kings that reign during the period that Hosea prophesied? Hosea 1:1
  2. Who did Hosea marry? 1:3a
  3. Why was the first child called Jezreel? V. 4
  4. What are the meaning of Lo-ru-ha-mah and Lo-am-mi? 1:6-7, 9
  5. Why did God as Hosea to go and love a harlot? 3:1
  6. What did Hosea ask from the harlot? 3:3
  7. What was Israel going to miss for their unfaithfulness? 3:3-5

 

Application

  1. Hosea married a harlot to signify the love of God to the nation of Israel. Briefly describe some ways you have receive things from God which you do not deserve?
  2. Hosea was able to live with Gomer despite her bad habit of flirting with men. How can a couple tolerate each other despite their bad habits?

 

 

Sunday                                   January 31, 2021

Topic:                                     The Book of Jude

Text:                                       Jude 1 – 25

 

Memory Verse:                      Jude 21, “Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life”.

 

Introduction

The writer of the general Epistle of Jude identifies himself as James’ brother. Although there are some four men in the New Testament who go by this name, James. Jude probably refers to the half brother of Jesus. Jude, like James, grew up alongside with Jesus Christ.

Like most, if not all of Jesus’ immediate family, Jude did not respond favourably to Jesus’ ministry during His earthly days. But later he became a disciple of Jesus and had a preaching ministry like some of his brothers.

As a close relative of Jesus and a brother of James who himself was a renowned Jewish Christian leader in Jerusalem, Jude wrote with such authority and the assurance that his earliest readers would give him a careful hearing.

The epistle of Jude was written to Christians whose ranks have been infiltrated by false teachings. Many are being misled peddling a message that promotes moral laxity, theological error, destructive pride and division.

In the face of pressure to dilute pure Christian doctrine, Christians are admonished to stand firm and “earnestly contend for the faith”.

 

Review Questions

  1. What type of people was the epistle of Jude written to? V. 1
  2. What were they exhorted to do? V. 3
  3. What were the Christians being warned against? V. 4
  4. What are the lessons that the Christian can learn from? V. 5-7
  5. What are the characteristics of these false teachers? Vs. 8, 12, 13, 16
  6. What are other bible examples of men that behaved like these false teachers? V. 11
  7. What are Christians admonished to do? V. 20, 21

 

Application

  1. Mention some of the areas that the Christian of today needs to guide against in faith dilution.
  2. “Having men’s persons in admiration because of advantage”. In which way is this manifested today in our churches?
  3. How can a Christian withstand false teaching?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   February 7, 2021

Topic:                                     Lot

Text:                                       Genesis 19:1-24

 

Memory Verse:                      Genesis 19:29, “And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in which Lot dwelt.”

 

Introduction

Lot, Abraham’s nephew, had chosen to go and live Sodom after he separated from Abraham.  There had been strife between Abraham and Lot’s herdsmen over water-holes and grazing ground. Abraham in a peace move asked Lot to first choose a land area for his men although he (Abraham) was the elder. Lot had to first choose Sodom and the surrounding plains because they were fertile.

We find Lot dwelling in Sodom despite the terrible wickedness of that city. In 2 Peter 2:7-8, we were told that his righteous soul was “vexed from day to day” because of the wickedness of that city. God decided to destroy Sodom and Gomorra because of their terrible wickedness. He sent two angels to Sodom to deliver Lot and his family. They met Lot at the city gate. He pressurized them into accepting his invitation to pass the night with him, but he did not know that they were angels.

As soon as the men of Sodom heard about the ‘stranger’, they surrounded Lot’s house and tried to force him to bring them out for them to defile. The angels pulled Lot into the house and struck the men with blindness. They then told Lot their mission and asked him to escape from Sodom with his family from the impending judgment. Lot’s sons-in-law refused to believe him when he told them about the imminent destruction. He himself was still dragging his feet, so the angels had to literally force him and the family out of the city. They were told to escape to the mountain and not look back. Instead of accepting this instruction, Lot requested to be allowed to run to Zoar, a small city that was nearby. This request was granted.

After staying in Zoar, Lot became afraid and ran to dwell in a cave in the mountains. His two daughters made him drunk and he slept with them. As a result he fathered two sons for his own daughters, namely Moab and Ben-ammi (i.e. Ammon) whose descendants were perpetual enemies of Israel, the descendant of his uncle, Abraham.

 

Review Questions

  1. What did Lot do when he saw the two strangers? V. 2-3
  2. Was Lot aware that these ‘strangers’ were not ordinary men but angels? How? V. 2, 8
  3. What was the reaction of the men of Sodom when they knew about the ‘strangers’ in town? V. 4-5
  4. How was Lot rescued from the mob? V. 10-11
  5. Did Lot’s preaching to his son’s-in-law have any effect on them? Why not?
  6. How quickly did Lot and his family obey the instruction of the angels? V:16
  7. How did God save Lot from the destruction of Sodom? 16, 22a

 

 

Application:

  1. What do you think of Lot’s offer of his own daughters to the men of Sodom for defilement?
  2. Was Lot’s preference of Zoar to the mountains a wise on theone? Give examples of areas in our Christian life where we have the tendency to think our choice is better than the one God is making for us.
  3. Comment on Lot’s character as a whole with special reference to his hospitality, his role as the head of his family and to his life in the city of Sodom.

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   February 14, 2021

Topic:                                     Power over Demons

Text:                                       Mark 5:1-15

 

Memory Verse:                      Mark 5:19b, “Go home to thy friends, and tell them how great things the Lord have done for thee, and have had compassion on thee.”

 

Introduction

Gadara was a city south of the Sea of Galilee and east of River Jordan in Decapolis. There was in this city a man who was demon possessed and lived in the tombs. He could not be controlled by any means because his strength was supernatural. The limestone rock and cliffs around Gadara were filled with tombs which served as hiding place for criminals and dwelling places for the poor and the insane. Jesus had a purpose for being here on earth and this includes: preaching of the gospel to the poor, healing of the broken hearted, preaching deliverance to the captives, restoring of sight to the blind and releasing the oppressed. So Jesus has to go there for these people to be set free from this bondage. You find that the demons knowing the purpose of Jesus going there trembled when they saw Him. That Demon knew that Jesus was the Son of God. Jesus commanded the demon out of the man. The devil obeyed immediately. Just as Jesus had power over the demon and all powers of darkness, we the believers also have been given the same power over demons.

 

Review Questions

  1. Who met Jesus when He came out of the ship? Mark 5:2
  2. Where was the dwelling of the demon-possessed man? V. 3
  3. Describe the characteristic behaviour of a demon-possessed person. V. 4-5
  4. What did the demonic person do when he saw Jesus? V. 6-7
  5. What did Jesus do to the demon? V. 8
  6. What did the demon say was their name? v. 9
  7. What was the action of those who fed the swine on seeing evil spirit enter into the swine? Vs. 13-14
  8. What was the situation of the mad man after the evil spirit had left him? V. 15

 

Application

  1. How can you identify a demon possessed person in your Church or Fellowship?
  2. What will be your attitude towards the person who is possessed by a demon in your church, family, or neighbourhood?
  3. What are the conditions necessary for a person to be able to withstand demons and cast them out?

Sunday                                   February 21, 2021

Topic:                                     The Beatitudes I

Text:                                       Matt. 5:1-6; Luke 6:20

 

Memory Verse:                      Psalm 37:11, “But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.”

 

Introduction

The Beatitudes which means great happiness or blessedness form part of the Sermon on the Mount. It is a programmatic discourse of Jesus with His disciples as He withdrew Himself from the crowd to the mountain side. He taught them the Messianic blessedness which comes out of being oppressed. Even the pius ones attract their blessedness. “He sat down”. This sitting down to teach was the custom of the teacher or rabbis in the synagogues. However, many of the Beatitudes have Old Testament parallel. The Beatitudes fall naturally into four pairs. The statement of verse 5 is similar to Psalm 37:11. The earth which the meek is to inherit is a Messianic comfort to the real pius disciples. The record of Luke is a shorter version of the Beatitudes with Messianic emphasis.

The blessedness in the Beatitudes is not meant for the general public or the crowd. It is meant specifically for the disciples or followers. Hence, the statement “His disciples came unto Him”.

 

Review Questions

  1. Was Jesus with the crows when He taught the Beatitudes? Explain v. 1
  2. What is the reward for those who are “poor in spirit”? v. 3
  3. What is the expectation of those that mourn? V. 4
  4. Who is qualified to inherit the earth? V.5

 

Application

  1. Explain what it means to be poor in spirit and share with the class the way you were blessed when you became “poor in the spirit”.
  2. Was there a time you mourned and how were you comforted?
  3. What do you really loose by not being meek? From your experience, what does it really mean to be meek?
  4. Are the meek really inheriting the earth? If not, when will they inherit the earth as their reward?

Sunday                                   February 28, 2021

Topic:                                     The Beatitudes II

Text:                                       Matt. 5:6 – 9

 

Memory Verse:                      Matt. 5:8, “Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.”

 

Introduction

The righteousness in verse 6 may mean not only right ethical conduct but vindication by God. This should encourage us not to take the laws into our hands but wait for God to avenge us. To hunger and thirsty for righteousness may be compared to what Jesus said in Matthew 6:33: “Seek ye first the Kingdom of God, and His righteousness …”. To  hunger and thirst after righteousness summarized and gives a stronger force to the idea of seeking.

The idea of the merciful obtaining mercy is another example of the golden rule, “do unto others what you expect to be done to you”. In order words, whatever you sow is what you will reap. Many people often pray that others should have mercy on them when they themselves have never been merciful. It does not work that way.

The reward of being “pure in heart” is that “they shall see God”. Having a pure heart is one of the qualities that enable one to stand in His holy place. The book of Hebrews further reveals that the state of being “pure in heart” involves living a holy life.

The peace makers are automatically called the children of God. Jesus, whose disciples or followers we are, was said to be the “Author of peace and Lover of concord”. If all the so-called children of God are truly peace makers, there would hardly be any conflict or fight in the Church of God. If any Christian could justify his claim of being a “child of God”, he would certainly be a peace maker in every situation.

 

Review Questions

  1. What reward awaits those who hunger and thirsty after righteousness? V. 6
  2. What is the result of being merciful. In the same way, what is the reward that await those who are not merciful? V. 7
  3. What is the final reward of those who are pure in heart? V. 8
  4. What characteristics distinguished the child of God from the crowd? V.9

 

Application

  1. Does your Christian life and programme include hungering and thirsting after righteousness? If so, what is the result?
  2. What makes you feel you deserve mercy, love, patience and truth from other people? Tell the class the blessings you obtain from this.
  3. In what way do you comfort yourself that one day you will see God?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   March 7, 2021

Topic:                                     The Beatitudes III

Text:                                       Matt. 5:10-12

 

Memory Verse:                      I Peter 3:14, “But and if ye suffer for righteousness’ sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled”.

 

Introduction

The righteousness here means that of conduct and it is only when this is involved during persecution that the persecuted can really be regarded as blessed. Matthew makes a point of evil being spoken of such a person falsely. He said we should rejoice because of, rather than in spite of, persecution. The reward offered is not something for mere selfish enjoyment but a greater capacity to enjoy and serve God. Persecution is the mark of the prophetic succession (i.e. they persecuted the prophets of old). If we understand the importance of being “persecuted for righteousness sake”, we would be rejoicing always rather than complaining and whimpering at every neglect, insult or oppression we suffer from the hands of those who are supposed to understand us better. A lot of us would want God to quickly pour out His wrath on or consume the persecutors for the sake of His children. When God does not do what we are asking for, we complain and worry. If God answers our prayers that way, He would be going contrary to His word. God is altogether righteous.

 

Review Questions

  1. What type of persecution does a Christian suffer to qualify him or her for the kingdom of heaven? V. 10
  2. What other qualifications go with persecution if that persecution has to be accepted as producing a blessing as an end product? V. 11
  3. Why should your rejoicing be with exceeding gladness? V. 12

 

Application

  1. In what ways have endured persecution for heaven’ sake?
  2. How do you feel when God does not quickly pour out His wrath on your persecutors?

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   March 14, 2021

Topic:                                     The Carnal mind and the Spiritual mind

Text:                                       Rom. 8:1-14; I Cor. 3:1-3; Gal 5:16-23

 

Memory Verse:                      Romans 8:6, “For to be carnally minded is death but to be spiritually minded is life and peace”.

 

Introduction

Carnal means flesh or bodily. Therefore the carnal mind is the mind that follows the dictates of the flesh. The spiritual mind on the other hand is the mind that has been renewed by the word of God. The spiritual mind does not follow the dictates of the flesh but is led by the Holy Spirit and the word of God.

The Bible makes us to understand that having a carnal mind does not mean that a person had never been a Christian but that the person is behaving like a baby when the person supposed to be a fully grown adult. In the life of a person with a carnal mind, you will find all the traits of an unregenerated mind e.g. strife, envy, pride, etc. But a spiritually minded person has put to death the old man and all its work by (1) yielding to the Holy Spirit, (2) through in-depth knowledge of the word of God and (3) prayer. Who is the old man? It is the Adamic sinful nature that cannot obey God’s law.

The Bible makes us to understand that to whomsoever we yield our member to obey, that person is our master. If we yield to the flesh, the flesh shall have dominion but if we yield to the spirit of God, we shall be controlled by the spirit of God. The word of God say that “there is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus who walk not after the flesh but after the spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death”. Romans 8:1-2 “for to be carnally minded is death but to be spiritually minded is life and peace”, the carnal mind is at enmity against God because it cannot please God.

 

Review Questions

  1. What does it mean to be carnally minded? Rom 8:5; I Cor. 3:3
  2. How does the carnally minded person relate to God and His word? Rom. 8:5a, 7-8
  3. What will happen to a Christian who is carnally minded? Rom. 8:6a, 13a
  4. What are the characteristics of a carnally minded person? I Cor. 3:1-3
  5. What does it mean to be spiritually minded? Rom. 8:4-5
  6. What are the characteristics of a spiritually minded person? Rom. 8:6b, 9; Gal. 5:22-23

 

Application

  1. Do you follow the dictates of your flesh or you have through the Holy Spirit put to death the works of the flesh as listed in Gal. 5:19-21?
  2. Share from you experience how the fruit of the spirit has helped you in your Christian life?

 

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   March 21, 2021

Topic:                                     Jezebel

Text:                                       I Kings 19:1-3; II Kings 9:1-10, 30-37

 

Memory Verse:                      II Corinth. 6:14, “Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? And what communion hath light with darkness?

 

Introduction

The name Jezebel means ‘unmarried’. Jezebel of our study today was the daughter of Ethbaal King of the Zidonians. She was the wife of King Ahab. She was noted for her spiritual harlotry particularly in influencing her husband and the land of Israel to depart from serving the living God. She played an active role in killing Naboth, thereby taking over his vineyard. She threatened Elijah the prophet who fled to Mount of Horeb for protection. However, Jezebel died a horrible death being thrown out of a window by her own servants and her body eaten up by dogs in Jezreel according to the word of God.

 

Review Questions

  1. What message did Jezebel send to Elijah the prophet? I Kings 19:2
  2. Ho did Elijah react to this message? I Kings 19:3
  3. Why did God anoint Jehu, king? II King 9:7
  4. What was the prophecy concerning Jezebel? II Kings 9:10
  5. What did the eunuchs do to Jezebel at the command of Jehu? II Kings 9:32-33
  6. Why was Jezebel not properly buried? II Kings 9:34-36

 

Application

  1. What are the things happening in the churches today that can be called the “spirit of Jezebel”? how can they be prevented?
  2. In what ways can a wife influence her husband to do evil or good?
  3. Ahab was unequally yoked by marrying Jezebel. What is unequal yoke, and how can a church prevent it among her members?

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   March 28, 2021

Topic:                                     Lot’s Wife

Text:                                       Gen. 19:15-26; Lk. 17:28-32

 

Memory Verse:                      Lk. 17:32, “Remember Lot’s wife”.

 

Introduction

When God wanted to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah because of their wickedness, He first of all sent two angels to save righteous Lot and his family out of Sodom. They were still delaying while time was running out of them. The angels therefore had to take hold of their hands and drag them out of the city. They warned Lot and his family to run for their lives and not to look back. While they were running, Lot’s wife looked back. She received instant judgment for her disobedience and she became a pillar of salt. In the same way, the Christian who lusts after worldly things will lose his testimony or faith. There were many reasons as to why Lot’s wife looked back. She could have looked back because she was reluctant to leave Sodom with its soft secure life behind and run empty into what looked like uncertainty. She could have looked back out of curiosity to see what was actually happening. She could also have become tired of running and wanted to go back to Sodom. Or worse still she might not have believed at all that God was capable of punishing sin that way. Whatever it was, her heart was obviously still in Sodom.

 

Review Questions

  1. What was the angels’ instruction to Lot and his family when they brought them out of Sodom? V. 17
  2. What happened to Lot’s wife on the way and why did she receive such judgment? V. 26
  3. What was the lifestyle of the people in Sodom during the time of Lot and his wife? Lk. 17:28

 

Application

  1. Suggest reasons for the behaviour of Lot’s wife. Relate them to our Christian life.
  2. Lot was running in front while his wife was behind, yet she received judgment while he was free. What does this teach you about the individuality of the Christian race?
  3. Why did the Lord Jesus Christ use Lot’s wife as a warning to all. What lessons are there to learn from her story?

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   April 4, 2021

Topic:                                     The Transfiguration

Text:                                       Matthew 17:1-9; Luke 9:28-36

 

Memory Verse:                      Luke 9:35, “And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying this is my beloved son: hear Him”

 

Introduction

Transfiguration is the glorious change in the appearance of Jesus Christ in the presence of three chosen disciples.

They saw the son of God in His glory. They saw the glorified saints – Moses and Elijah who represented the law and the prophets respectively. They saw the glory cloud the shekinah glory of God. They heard the voice of God from the glory cloud and knew they were in the presence of the living God and were sore afraid. The voice of God has confirmed the fact Jesus was superior to the law and the prophets. Peter in his amazement said, ‘it is good to be here’. In the presence of God are pleasures and joy for evermore.

 

Review Questions

  1. Who went with Jesus to the top of a high mountain? Matt. 17:1
  2. What did He go to do at the top of the mountain? Luke 9:28
  3. What happened to Jesus as He prayed on the mountain? Matt. 17:2
  4. Two people appeared talking with Jesus on the mountain top. Who were they? Matt. 17:3
  5. What were they discussing with Jesus? Luke 9:31
  6. When Peter saw what was happening, what did he say and why did he say that? Luke 9:33
  7. Whose voice did they hear in the cloud and what did He say? Matt. 17:5
  8. When the cloud cleared, what happened to Moses and Elijah? Matt. 17:8

 

Application

  1. Jesus picked three disciples to go up the mountain top to pray. What is the importance of a prayer partner?
  2. Share an experience of being in the presence of God?

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   April 11, 2021

Topic:                                     Suffering for Righteousness

Text:                                       I Peter 2:18-25; 3:13-18

 

Memory Verse:                      II Tim. 2:3, “Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ”.

 

Introduction

One of the tests every Christian must pass through is suffering. But the question is whether you are suffering because of your faith in Christ or for your evil deeds. A Christian could suffer for his or her faith as in the case of Stephen, as a resultant punishment for his or her sins as in the case of the Israelites in the wilderness or through direct attack from the devil as in the case of Job. It is good to differentiate which of these aspects of suffering one is passing through and to handle it accordingly. Our lesson for today deals with suffering for righteousness. The bible encourages every Christian who suffers for righteousness to be patient and happy because their reward is great in heaven. A Christian should not suffer as an evil doer.

 

Review Questions

  1. How are servants expected to serve their masters? I Peter 2:18
  2. What type of suffering is not expected of a Christian? V. 20a
  3. What should be our attitude when we suffer? V. 20b
  4. Jesus showed us an example to follow. What is it? V. 21 – 23; I Peter 3:18
  5. How is a Christian expected to suffer? I Peter 3:17

 

Application

  1. Enumerate some of the ways a Christian can suffer for righteousness?
  2. In what ways can a Christian suffer for his own sin?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   April 18, 2021

Topic:                                     The Triumphant Entry

Text:                                       Matthew 21:1-17

 

Memory Verse:                      Matt. 21:9, “And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of Lord, Hosanna in the highest”.

 

Introduction

Triumphant entry was the official visit of Jesus Christ to Jerusalem. Jesus had been to Jerusalem before, but now He was going there as a King in fulfillment of the prophesy of Zechariah. A great multitude made up of all classes of people went along with him on this historic and significant visit to the ancient city of David. The visit could be seen as the entry of a king to his royal palace and hence the route was decorated with palm frond and clothes. Shouts of Hosanna rang through the crowd. The other important aspect of this visit was the physical cleaning of the Temple by the Lord Jesus Himself.

 

Review Questions

  1. At what point did Jesus send His two disciples to loose an ass and a colt for him? Vs. 1 & 2
  2. What prophesy was fulfilled concerning Jesus Christ riding on an ass? Vs. 4 & 5
  3. How was the route Jesus took to Jerusalem decorated? V. 8
  4. What did the crowd do as they followed Jesus on the way? V. 9
  5. What happened when Jesus arrived Jerusalem? V. 10
  6. What did Jesus do in the temple? V. 12
  7. What was the house of God built for and how did the people actually use it? V. 13
  8. Why were the chief priests displeased? V. 15

 

Application

  1. Is there anything you reserved for yourself which you later released for God’s work when the Lord had need of it? Share your experience.
  2. In what way can we say that the house of the Lord has become “a den of thieves” and how can we clean it?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   April 25, 2021

Topic:                                     Revelation Part IV (The Church in Smyrna)

Text:                                       Revelation 2:8-11

 

Memory Verse:                      II Tim. 3:12, “Yea, and all that shall live godly in Christ shall suffer persecution”

 

Introduction

Smyrna was a prosperous and beautiful city in the Romans province of Asia Minor about 50 miles north of Ephesus. The name Smyrna means myrrh which was often used as a fragrant spice for the holy ointment for the tabernacles and the priests and also for the anointing of dead bodies.

 

For political reasons and favour, Roman granted Smyrna’s request to build a temple to the Roman Emperor Tiberius. This pagan worship resulted in much persecution to the Church (believers).

 

The Roman Empire tried to destroy the Bible and kill all Christians.

 

In about AD 155/156 Polycarp, a disciple of the Apostle John and bishop of Smyrna became its twelfth martyr. The believers in this Church were ruled by the unbelieving Jews and reduced to poverty.

This Church represents the Church under persecution. They received no condemnation from Christ, but were encouraged to endure suffering faithfully. When we faithfully persevere through trials, we shall receive a crown of life.

 

Review Questions:

  1. How was Christ described in this passage? V:8
  2. What did the Church pass through? V:9
  3. What counsel did Christ give to this Church? V:10a
  4. What are some of the things the devil planned to do and what advice was given to the believers? V:10b
  5. What is the promise to the overcomer? V:11b

 

Application:

  1. How should a Christ react to persecution and tribulation?
  2. What constitute true riches and how can one acquire them?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   May 2, 2021

Topic:                                     Revelation Part V (The Church at Pergamos)

Text:                                       Revelation 2:12-17

 

Memory Verse:                      2Tim.4:3 “for the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears.”

 

Introduction

Pergamos, more commonly known as Pergamum, was situated about 50 miles due north of

smyrna and 15 miles from the Aegean sea.

 

It was the official capital of the Roman province of Asia. The name means “thoroughly married” and may represent the state Church which is “married” to a political system.

 

The period of persecution of the Church was followed by a time of peace. The Roman government accepted the Church and many people joined. These were not all Christians; there was a mixture of Christianity, the world and idol worship.

This resulted in some people teaching false doctrines.

 

The first imperial cult was built there in 29 B.C. in honour of Rome and Caesar Augustus. It became the centre of imperial religion with its blasphemous emperor worship. Because of its many other alters and cults, it could rightly be called “Satan’s seats”.

 

Even in the place where “Satan’s seats” was, some remained loyal to the Lord. That means that no matter the spiritual condition of our environment we can remain faithful if we wholly give ourselves to the Lord.

 

Review questions:

  1. How did Christ describe Himself in this passage? V:12
  2. What did Christ call the place where the Church dwelt? V:13a
  3. What were the positive things about the Church? V:13b
  4. What were some of the things Christ had against the Church? V:14&15
  5. What opportunity was given to this Church and what was the consequence if they fail? V:16
  6. What promise did he make to the overcomers? V:17

 

Application:

  1. What does the doctrine of Balaam and Nicolaitans teach?
  2. Share some practical ways one can be seduced for fornication and immoral living and what are the ways of escape?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   May 9, 2021

Topic:                                     Revelation Part Vl (The Church at Thyatira)

Text:                                       Revelation 2:18-29

 

Memory Verse:                      2Cor.6:17 “wherefore come out from among them and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.”

 

 

Introduction:

Thyatira was located about 20 miles southeast of pergamos. The name means “Continual sacrifice”. This is the longest of the seven letters and the Lord had many things to say about the state of the Church.

 

The Church in Thyatira had self proclaimed prophetess who Christ calls Jezebel. She was leading the Church into false doctrine, idolatry, and immorality just as the Old Testament Jezebel had done to Israel. There was a mixture of idol worship with the worship of Jehovah, which the Old Testament prophets call “fornication”

 

Despite the pollutions and false doctrine, there was a godly remnant of believers at Thyatira who had not accepted these satanic teachings. These remnants were exhorted to hold fast what is good, and to reject evil. The overcomers were promised a reward of power or authority in the millennial kingdom.

 

Review Questions:

  1. How was Christ described in this letter? V:18
  2. What are the good qualities of this Church? V:19
  3. What did the Lord have against them? V:20
  4. What opportunity did the Lord give to this Jezebel and what did she do? V21
  5. What will happen to her (Jezebel) for her failure to repent? V:22,23
  6. What was the Lord’s charge to the rest in Thyatira? V:24,25
  7. What was the promise to the overcomer? V:26,27

 

Application:

  1. How can we identify a false prophet (prophetess) and teacher?
  2. Share some practical ways idolatry is practiced in most Churches today.

Sunday                                   May 16, 2021

Topic:                                     Revelation Part Vll (The Church at Laodicea)

Text:                                       Revelation 3:14-22

 

Memory Verse:                      Jer. 5:3 “therefore I said, surely these are poor, they are foolish: for they know not the way of the Lord, nor the judgment of their God.”

Introduction:

The letter to the Church at Laodicea was the last in the series of letters of the Lord Jesus to the churches.

Laodicea was located about 50 miles southeast of Philadelphia, in the Lycus River Valley near Colossae and Hierapolis. Its name means “People Ruling”, and represents the unbelieving, materialistic church of all ages.

The church is likened to lukewarm water, or as being virtually worthless. Christ says He will “spew them out” or reject them from His Company. The hot waters of nearby Hierapolis were known for their medicinal qualities, whereas Colossae was known for its cold, pure water. But Laodicea was forces to receive her water by aqueduct from other areas. By the time it arrived at Laodicea it was lukewarm and provoked nausea.

The works of the Laodicean church were as worthless as the city’s lukewarm water. Even though this city was famous for its wealth, its bankers, its medical school, its popular eyesalve, and its textile industry, Christ says that spiritually the people of the church were poor, blind and naked. This church had no spiritual value (gold), virtue (white raiment) or vision (eyesalve).

It is genuine faith in Christ Jesus and spiritual understanding that will enable us enjoy fellowship with the Lord and reign with Him in His kingdom.

 

Review Questions

  1. How was Christ described in this passage? V. 14
  2. What was the state of the church? V. 15
  3. What will be the consequence of this spiritual state? V. 16
  4. How did the people see themselves and what was Christ’s verdict? V. 17
  5. What advice was given to this church? V. 18
  6. What opportunity did Christ give to this church and how would they benefit from it? V. 19, 20
  7. What is the promise to the overcomer. V. 21

Application

  1. (a) When can a Christian be said to be lukewarm and what can such a one do to get out of this spiritual state?

(b) Mention some dangers of lukewarmness?

  1. When can a Christian be said to b materialistic and what are the dangers?

Sunday                                   May 23, 2021

Topic:                                     Jesus, the Son of Man

Text:                                       Matt. 4:1-4, 8:18-22; Mk. 8:31-33

 

Memory Verse:                      Mk. 8:31, “He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, and of the Chief Priests, and Scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again”.

 

Introduction:

Our Lord Jesus referred to Himself as Son of Man about eighty times in the Bible. It is His mortal name as the representative of man, as Son of David it is distinctively His Jewish name, and Son of God His divine name. our Lord constantly used this term as implying that His mission, His death and resurrection and His second coming transcended in scope and result not only for the Jews but the entire human race. When Nathaniel confessed Him as King of Israel, our Lord’s answer was “thou shall see greater things … the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man”. When His messengers were cast out by the Jews, His thoughts leapt forward to the time when the Son of Man would come, not only to Israel but to all mankind. Jesus, as the Son of Man fulfils the Old Testament prophesy of the suffering servant. Jesus, as Son of Man, suffered hunger, thirst, loneliness, tiredness resulting in sleep as well as temptation from Satan. Also He was reluctant to drink the cup of suffering and death.

 

Review Questions

  1. What happened to Jesus after he fasted for 40 days? Matt. 4:2
  2. What in Matt 4:3 makes you feel that Jesus was human?
  3. Why did Jesus give the command to cross to the other side of the Sea of Galilee? Matt. 8:18
  4. What were the general necessities which Jesus as Son of Man lacked? V. 20
  5. What advice did Jesus give to the man who sought permission to go and bury his father? V. 21 & 22
  6. What in Mark 8:31 shows that Jesus was exhibiting human feelings and tendencies?
  7. Why did Jesus rebuke Peter? Mk. 8:33

 

Application

  1. How do you react when the devil comes to tempt you with food in the middle of your fasting period?
  2. As a Christian who has no accommodation of yours or job, does this situation of yours hinder you from being a witness for Christ? Discuss.
  3. Jesus Christ was willing to suffer abuses for us. What is your reaction when you are abused for His sake?

Sunday                                   May 30, 2021

Topic:                                     Jesus, the Messiah

Text:                                       Mk. 8:27; Jn. 7:25-37

 

Memory Verse:                      Jn. 1:41b, “We have found the Messiah, which is, being interpreted, the Christ”,

 

 

Introduction:

The word “Messiah” is the Hebrew form of the Greek word, Christ, which means “the anointed one”. A Messiah is one who is anointed by God to fulfill all the functions of a Prophet, Priest and King at the same time. He would fulfill the eternal promises given to David and establish His kingdom in the World and in Israel. Thus, the messiah would be the deliverer of mankind. The scriptural functions of the Messiah as Prophet, Priest and King were fulfilled in the person, teaching and the work of Jesus. The functions of a Priest are to offer sacrifices to God for others, to intercede for the people, and to teach them God’s word. The Messiah thus offered Himself once and for all for the sins of those who would come to Him. The Messiah was expected by many Old Testament Saints, man’s purpose and destiny are fulfilled in Him. Sin has rendered man spiritually dead thereby loosing relationship with God. Man can become spiritually alive again in Christ. You can have a personal relationship with Him by receiving Him as your own Saviour.

 

Review Questions

  1. What question did Jesus ask His disciples as they came to Caesarea Philip? Mk. 8:27
  2. What was people’s opinion about who Jesus really was? Mk. 8:28
  3. What was Peter’s answer to Jesus’ question? V. 29
  4. What was Jesus’ warning to His disciples concerning His identity? V. 30

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   June 6, 2021

Topic:                                     Ruth Part I – The Power of Deep Commitment.

Text:                                       Ruth 1:1-22

 

Memory Verse:                      Psalm 63”8, “My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand upholdeth me”.

 

Introduction

Ruth was a Moabite who married Mahlon of the Judhite family of Elimelech. In the course of time, she lost her husband and without child. The future was uncertain as she was left with only her mother-in-law, Naomi.

When Naomi heard in Moab that God has visited His people (Judah) and given them food, she made up her mind to return to Bethlehem. Ruth, because of her commitment to her mother-in-law, abandoned her family, country, and faith to accompany her mother-in-law to Bethlehem, in spite of the persuasion to the contrary by Naomi.

 

Review Questions

  1. How did Ruth, a Moabite, come to marry a man from Bethlehem? V. 1 & 4
  2. Why did Naomi decide to go back to Bethlehem? V. 6
  3. What did Naomi tell her daughter-in-law and what did they do? V. 8 & 9
  4. Why did Naomi try to discourage her daughter-in-law from going back with her? V. 11 & 13
  5. What did Orpah and Ruth do after Naomi’s explanations? V. 14
  6. What was Ruth’s response when Naomi persuaded her to go back? V. 16 & 17
  7. Why did Naomi give up? V. 18
  8. What happened when they returned? V. 19

Application

  1. Share with the class some of the lessons we have learned from Ruth’s determination to go with Naomi.
  2. Naomi was moving to anywhere there was bread. How can we compare her action with some believers and miracles today?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   June 13, 2021

Topic:                                     Ruth Part II – The Spirit of Industry.

Text:                                       Ruth 2:1-23

 

Memory Verse:                      II Thess. 3:10, “For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat”.

 

Introduction

Ruth and Naomi returned to Bethlehem during the beginning of barley harvest. Since Naomi has been away for about ten years, she had no field to harvest since she did not sow.

The Jewish law made a provision for those who were poor to pick up the grain left by the reapers during the harvest (gleaning). Ruth, though a stranger but because of her spirit of industry, went out in search of food for her mother-in-law and herself. She went to glean in the field of Boaz, a relative of Elimelech, Naomi’s husband. Boaz showed Ruth favour and allowed her to glean in his field throughout the season.

Boaz’s extraordinary goodness in seeing to it that Ruth had special privilege in the gleaning enabled her to gather several days supply in complete safety.

 

Review Questions

  1. What did Ruth say to Naomi after their arrival? V. 2
  2. To whose field did she go to glean? V. 3
  3. What was the observation of Boaz’s servants about Ruth? V. 7
  4. What was Boaz’s instruction to Ruth? V. 8 – 9
  5. What was Ruth’s reaction to Boaz’s kindness? V. 10
  6. What further hospitality did Boaz show to Ruth? V. 14
  7. What special provision did Boaz make for Ruth to encourage her as she gleaned? V. 15-17
  8. What counsel did Naomi give to Ruth and what was her response? V. 22-23

 

Application

  1. What are your observations about some believers’ attitude to work these days? What can be done to improve on it?
  2. What are the consequences of laziness?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   June 20, 2021

Topic:                                     Ruth Part III – The Search for a Relationship

Text:                                       Ruth 3:1-18

 

Memory Verse:                      Psalm 27:4, “One thing have I desired of the Lord, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life …”

 

Introduction

Ruth had demonstrated great commitment and love to her mother-in-law, Naomi. It is said that love begets love. As a result, Naomi was concerned with how Ruth would settle down  with a husband. She therefore directed her to go and meet Boaz who was her kinsman. Boaz had the right of redeeming Elimelech’s property according to the laws of Moses. She instructed her on what to do as she went to meet him at the threshing floor by night, hoping that she would find favour in his eyes. Ruth did exactly as she advised by her mother-in-law. She proved herself virtuous in her conduct.

Review Questions

  1. What plan did Naomi have for Ruth? V. 1
  2. What did she instruct Ruth to do? V. 3-4
  3. How did carry out her mother-in-law’s instructions? V. 6-7
  4. What request did Ruth make to Boaz? V. 9
  5. Why did Boaz commend Ruth’s action? V. 10
  6. What was his reply to her request? V. 12-13
  7. What was Naomi’s next advice to Ruth? V. 18

 

Application

  1. Naomi reciprocated Ruth’s love and commitment. In what ways can we respond to those who care for us?
  2. Ruth sought for marriage in accordance with the Mosaic laws. What are some of the reasons why some believers don’t follow God’s standard in marriage?
  3. Boaz had the first offer, but he preferred to offer the chance to the nearest kinsman. What lessons do we learn from this action?

Sunday                                   June 27, 2021

Topic:                                     Ruth Part IV – The Reward of Faithfulness

Text:                                       Ruth 4:1-22

 Memory Verse:                      I Sam. 2:30c, “For them that honour Me I will honour, and they that despise Me shall be lightly esteemed.”

Introduction

Ruth requested that Boaz spread his dress over her as being a symbolic pledge of marriage. Boaz, being a man of an impeccable character, did not just grab the offer, though he was interested. He indicated that there was another man who was a closer relation who had a greater right than he himself. He arranged a meeting with Ruth’s nearest relation whom he asked to buy over the inheritance of Naomi’s late husband as well as take over Ruth as wife. The man did not accept the proposal but rather offered it back to Boaz.

Boaz eventually redeemed the inheritance and married Ruth. The elders pronounced a blessing on Ruth for her faithfulness. She conceived and had a son named Obed from whose lineage the Lord Jesus Christ was born. That was a great reward for Ruth’s faithfulness.

Review Questions

  1. Who were present in the meeting for the redemption of Ruth’s inheritance? V. 1-2
  2. How did Boaz present his case? V. 3-5
  3. Why did the closest kinsman refuse to redeem the inheritance? V. 6
  4. What did the man do to signify the handing over of his right of redemption to Boaz? V. 7-8
  5. Why was the presence of the elders and people necessary? V. 9
  6. What was the prayers of the elders for the marriage? V. 11 & 12
  7. What did the women say of Ruth? V. 14 & 15
  8. How was Ruth connected to King David? V. 22.

Application

  1. The nearest kinsman relinquished his right and authority because of past events, experience, and circumstances. What should be the Christian attitude to families that have peculiar problems or bad history?
  2. Why is it necessary for our marriages to have the blessing of the ministers and elders.

Sunday                                   July 4, 2021

Topic:                                     What Defiles a Man

Text:                                       Mark 7:1-23

 

Memory Verse:     Mark 7:15, “There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.”

Introduction

The Jews had several laws which they built up into a tradition. These were not part of the laws given them by Moses but the elders made the binding on the people. Jesus Christ referred to them as “traditions of men”.

Then tradition in our text was that of ceremonial washing of hands, feet, cups, plates, pots, and tables. The emphasis on this tradition was so much that these outward ceremonies were now taken to imply inner cleanliness. Outward “holiness” was given pre-eminence to the detriment of inward holiness.

The Pharisees especially regarded themselves as holier than others simply because they strictly and rigidly kept these laws. They were always out to notice those who were not keeping this tradition. As a result, they were quick to observe when the disciples of Jesus ate with unwashed hands. This to them was defilement. They therefore went to Jesus to complain about His disciples eating with unwashed hands.

Jesus Christ replied by first of all condemning them for their hypocrisy which placed more value on their traditions than on God’s law. He said that ordinary food does not defile (make unclean) a man because food, when eaten simply enters the body system and is passed out afterwards. Rather it is the heart that determines a man’s state for the heart is the seat of our thoughts and emotions. It is the heart that converts one’s desire into lust, materialism, sexual immoralities and other sins. As far as God is concern sin conceived in the heart is the same as the very act itself for it is our thoughts that motivate us into actions.

Therefore evil and sinful thoughts defile a man and not the type of food or our manner of eating the food or the ceremonies attached thereunto that defiles a man.

Review Questions

  1. According to the traditions of the elders, what were the things which defile a man? V. 3 & 4
  2. What was the complaint of the Scribes and Pharisees to Jesus? V. 5
  3. What was Jesus’ reaction to their complaint? V. 6 & 7
  4. Why did Jesus react the way He did? V. 9
  5. Why is it that a man cannot be defiled by food? V 18 &19
  6. What are the things that can defile a man? V. 20-23

Application

  1. Discuss with examples how the tradition of men has been used to take the place of the word of God in the church today.
  2. Was it good habit for the disciples to be eating with unwashed hands? Why then do you think they refused to wash their hands?
  3. Jesus said that what goes into a man does not defile a man. Does it mean we are free to take tobacco and drink alcohol? Give reasons for your answer.

Sunday                                   July 11, 2021

Topic:                                     Jesus, our Advocate

Text:                                       I John 2:1 – 6

 

Memory Verse:                      I John 2:1, “My little children, these things write I unto you that you sin not. And if any sin, we have an advocate with the father, Jesus Christ the righteous.”

 

Introduction

An advocate is someone who pleads for another person. In the court of law such a person is known as the lawyer. An advocate, as a lawyer, is supposed to be a friend whom we can tell the truth about any case that we ask him to intercede for us. That is how he will know how to plead our case before the judge. Jesus is our advocate who pleads our case before God continually. He needs to know all the facts about us so that he can plead our case before God. We need to realize that we have an advocate and open up to him, even those areas of weakness by confessing and forsaking them.

Today, Jesus is our advocate, he pleads our case before God, tomorrow he will be the judge and He can no more intercede for us but rather will judge.

 

Review Questions

  1. In what way do we walk in darkness? 1:6
  2. What happen to us when we walk in the light? 1:7
  3. How can we obtain forgiveness of sin? 1:9
  4. What advice was given to us in 2:1a and what happens if we fail? 2:1b
  5. What is Jesus to believers? 2:2
  6. How can we show that we know Christ? V. 3 & 4
  7. How can we perfect the love of God in us? V. 5

Application

  1. Share some ways that we can have fellowship with God.
  2. What are our obligations to Jesus as our advocate?

Sunday                                   July 18, 2021

Topic:                                     Jesus, our Righteousness

Text:                                       Romans 3:21-29

 

Memory Verse:                      I Cor. 1:30, “But of Him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.”

 

Introduction

God is a righteous God. The law and the prophets show and prove His righteousness. As the Psalmist says, “He is righteous in all His ways”. Therefore all who break His law come under His divine judgment and subsequent punishment.

The Bible says that there is no righteous man in the entire world. This means that all of us are to face punishment for breaking God’s laws. However, God’s love for man would not allow Him to destroy man without trying to salvage him. The word righteous simply means “just” or “upright”. If God has to remain righteous, then He would not wave aside man’s sins without the penalty for sin being paid. He needed someone to bear the full punishment for man’s sin. He therefore gave Jesus Christ as a substitute to man to pay the ransom for our sins. He now forgives man through the righteousness of Jesus Christ and declares anyone righteous who believes in Christ Jesus.

We are therefore justified by faith and not by works. God has made us righteous through the righteousness of Jesus Christ. This means that when He looks at us, He sees only the righteousness of Christ and we appear as if we have never sinned. We are therefore free to come boldly to Him for He accepts us as He does Jesus Christ His Beloved Son.

 

Review Questions

  1. What witnesses do we have to attest to the righteousness of God? V. 21
  2. What makes us to come short of the glory of God? V. 23
  3. How did God declare His righteousness? V. 25a
  4. Why did God need Jesus Christ to be our “propitiation?” v. 25b
  5. What qualifies you to be justified by God? V. 26

 

Application

  1. In what ways can the knowledge that Christ is our righteousness affect our Christian life?
  2. Since justification is not by works, are we not free from works? Discuss
  3. What do we learn in this lesson about God’s standards particularly in terms of righteousness?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   July 25, 2021

Topic:                                     Jesus, giver of the Living Water

Text:                                       John 4:5-16

 

Memory Verse:                      John 7:38, “He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water”.

 

Introduction

Water is one of the most important elements in life. Man can survive without food for about forty days, but no one can survive without water for ten days. Water is needed daily in our lives for a lot of things. About three quarters of the body content is made up of water. Water as the body of solvent is used for the following;

It is used for digestion and absorption of food.

It is used in the elimination of body waste

With water, blood carries oxygen to the tissues, as well as nutrients, drugs and other body chemicals. Other uses of water include drinking, bathing, cooking and laundry to mention but a few.

As useful as water is, God made it in such abundance that it cost little or no money. Just as the human body has so much need of ordinary water so also has the spirit need of the living water. Jesus arrives at the well of Samaria by 12 noon under the heat of the sun and was already tired and thirsty. Here he met the woman of Samaria whom He promised the Living Water. Jesus gives us the living water in abundance so that our soul and spirit would not be thirsty. If we take in enough of the living water, it would be a spring of life in us. One of the titles of the Holy Spirit is the Living Water.

Review Questions

  1. Whose land did Jesus come to? V. 5
  2. What was the physical condition of Jesus at the well? V. 6
  3. What was Jesus’ request and what was the woman’s reaction? V. 7-8
  4. What did the speaker imply by saying “if thou knewest the gift of God”? v. 10
  5. Was the woman willing to give Jesus water? Explain. V. 11
  6. What made the woman to mention Jacob in the passage? V. 12
  7. What kind of water did Jesus offer to her? V. 14
  8. Why did the woman ask Jesus to give her the living water? V. 15

 

Application

  1. Mention the uses of water and state how Jesus uses the living water to supply the believer’s spiritual need.
  2. Have you received the flow of the Living water? Share your experience.

Sunday                                   August 1, 2021

Topic:                                     Absalom I – Conspiracy against the Authority

Text:                                       II Sam. 15:1-18

 

Memory Verse:                      II Sam. 15:6, “And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the heart of the men of Israel”.

 

Introduction

Absalom meaning the “father of peace” was the third son born to King David at Hebron. His mother’s name was Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur. Absalom had some outstanding qualities which marked him out of the other children of king David:

He was the most handsome man in Israel.

He was a man with the longest hair in Israel.

He was loved and respected by many.

However, there was a conflict between the name and the character of the person. This is an indication that a person’s outward appearance may be different from his actual character. He killed his elder brother, Amon for defiling his sister, he burnt down the garden of Joab who was instrumental to his coming back to Jerusalem after he fled to Geshur. As if these atrocities were not enough, he plotted a coup against his father to overthrow him and take over the kingdom. To achieve this he played pseudo-loyalty to the people and discredited his father’s character. He finally succeeded in forcing his father out of office into exile and reigned in his place.

 

Review Questions

  1. Where did Absalom usually stay? V. 2
  2. What activity was Absalom carrying out at the gate? Vs. 3 & 4
  3. What did Absalom respond to the peoples greeting? V. 5
  4. What was the result of his action? V. 6
  5. What excuse did Absalom give for going to Hebron? Vs. 7 – 8
  6. What type of people made up the conspiracy and what was the strength? 11 – 12
  7. How did David learn of the conspiracy? V. 13
  8. What was David’s reaction to the information in v. 13? V. 16 – 18

 

Application

  1. Mention some of the ways by which Christians today revolt against the authority and how can such be avoided?
  2. How can one use his position in the church to undo others?
  3. Absalom “stole the heart of the people” to achieve his aim. Is this applicable today? How?

Sunday                                   August 8, 2021

Topic:                                     Absalom II – Result of Conspiracy

Text:                                       II Sam. 18:1-17, 27-33

 

Memory Verse:                      Romans 13:2, “Whosoever therefore resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation”.

 

Introduction

After having successfully ked the palace coup which forced his father, King David into exile, Absalom established the kingdom with some of the respected noble men that served his father, among whom is Ahithophel, the chief adviser. As the new chief executive, Absalom asked his cabinet on what to do next. Ahithophel advised that the new king should sleep with his father’s concubines and that he should pursue his father at once and kill him so that the kingdom could be strongly established without any opposition.

However, the second part of the advice was countered by Hushai, another respected man and David’s loyalist in the new government. After the initial refusal, Absalom mustered a great army and went to war against his father. Joab led the army of David. Despite Absalom insurrection, David still loved him as a son, hence he instructed Joab and other commanders not to kill him. The battle was sore and Absalom was suspended on oak tree and latter killed by Joab. David openly mourned the death of Absalom and wished that he was killed in his place. He wept bitterly.

This action of David would have made his men to leave him but for Joab’s intervention. David latter addressed the people who were discouraged by his action. Thus, Absalom died in his revolt against his father.

 

Review Questions

  1. How many parts did David divide his army? Name their commanders? V. 2
  2. What was the worth of David in the army? V. 3
  3. What was David’s command concerning Absalom? V. 5
  4. Apart from the sword, what else destroyed the people during the war? V. 8
  5. What happened to Absalom as he rode on his mule? V. 9
  6. Why did the man who saw Absalom suspended in the air refused to kill him? V. 12
  7. What action did Joab take? V. 14
  8. What question did David ask the people that came from the field? V. 29
  9. What was David’s reaction when he learnt of Absalom’s death? V. 33

 

Application

  1. David was willing to risk the life of his army for his son, Absalom. What does that teach us about the love of God?
  2. Comment on the attitude of David on the death of Absalom and state how such action can affect the relationship between the leader and his follower.
  3. Mention some of the results of conspiracy against constituted authority.

Sunday                                   August 15, 2021

Topic:                                     The Lord, Our Provider

Text:                                       Psalm 23:1-6; Matt. 6:9-23, 25-34

 

Memory Verse:                      Psalm 23:1, “The Lord is my Shepherd; I shall not want”.

 

Introduction

As a born again child of God, you have a very strong relationship with God. This relationship is the Father-child relationship. As His children, He is bound by His relationship to provide all our needs through His Son Jesus Christ.

In Psalm 23, the Psalmist pictures God as a Shepherd and we as His sheep. It is the Shepherd’s duty to lead the sheep into green pastures, so that the sheep can feed well and rest too. It is the Shepherd’s duty also to guide, direct and protect the sheep. These facts are reinforced in the Lord’s Prayer where Jesus Himself teaches us to see God as our Father and provider. Therefore Jesus advices us not to worry about what to eat or put on because our heavenly Father knows all our needs and can provide them.

 

Review Questions

  1. Who is your Shepherd? Psalm 23:1
  2. As you shepherd, what is He expected to do for you? Psa. 23:2-3
  3. What are the benefits you derive in following the Lord as your Shepherd? Psa. 23:6
  4. If God is your Father, what do you expect from Him each day? Matt. 6:11
  5. Why are we advised not to be anxious concerning what to eat or what to put on? Matt. 6:25, 32
  6. What should be our number one goal in life? Matt. 6:33

 

Application

  1. What does it mean to dwell in the House of the Lord forever?
  2. What does it mean to “seek the kingdom of God and His righteousness?
  3. In time of need, to whom do you first run? Can we be calm in our spirit, knowing that our Father is in control?

 

Sunday                                   August 22, 2021

Topic:                                     Elijah – Part I (Victory and Escape)

Text:                                       I Kings 19:1-21

 

Memory Verse:                      Prov. 24:10, “If thou faint in the day of adversity, thy strength is small”.

 

Introduction

Elijah is described as a speaking prophet because he did not write a book as other prophets like Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, etc. his name means “God is Jehovah” though little is known about his background as the Bible is silent about these facts. He is known for calling fire from Heaven.

Elijah came to Israel when there was apostasy which became worse during the reign of Ahab. In his earlier encounter with Ahab, he commanded heaven to hold back rain for three and half years. When the famine started, he left the land of Israel to a stream named Cherith later to Zarephath in Sidon. At the end of the famine period, when he came back to Israel, there was a contest on Mount Carmel between him and the prophets of Baal to know who the true God is. The failure to prove their case led to the death of Baal’s prophets. Ahab narrated the event on Mount Carmel to Jezebel, his wife, who took offence and threatened to kill Elijah. When Elijah heard of the threat, out of fear and discouragement he undertook a long journey to the Mount of God, Horeb. Elijah acted out of fear without asking counsel from God. As if out of surprise, God asked him “what doest thou here, Elijah?” his response shows the state of his discouraged mind.

 

Review Questions

  1. Why did Jezebel send messenger to Elijah? V. 1-2
  2. Why did the angel of the Lord feed Elijah twice? V. 5, 7
  3. How many days did it take Elijah to get to Horeb, the Mount of God? V. 8
  4. How did God react to his visit to Mount Horeb? V. 13
  5. What excuses did Elijah give for his presence on the Mount? V. 14
  6. What assignment did God give to Elijah on the Mount? V. 15, 16

 

Application

  1. Elijah undertook a 40-day journey to Horeb, the Mount of God. In your opinion, was the journey necessary? Give reasons.
  2. Elijah felt he was the only prophet working for God. With the response of God in verse 18, do you think he has done more than expected? In what way do we think like him with regards to our services and commitment to God’s work?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   August 29, 2021

Topic:                                     Elijah – Part II (Fearless Prophet)

Text:                                       I Kings 21:15-29

 

Memory Verse:                      Psa. 139:1, “O Lord, thou hast searched me, and known me.”

 

Introduction

Ahab, King of Israel, married Jezebel, the daughter of Ethbaal, King of Zidon, an heathen nation. This unequal yoke was a hindrance to sustaining spiritual restoration in the land of Israel. In our lesson of today, Jezebel in her capacity as the queen, mandated the killing of Naboth the Jezreelite in order to take his inheritance that was not mean to be sold or transferred to another family according to their custom. This act of Jezebel was not known to ordinary Israelite but God saw it all. God sent Elijah the prophet to rebuke Ahab as he went to take possession of the vineyard. Because he knew that his actions were wrong, he exclaimed, “Hast thou found me, o mine enemy?” Elijah fearlessly prophesied the doom that will befall him and his family. However, because of his repentance, God being merciful, postponed some of the judgments to the succeeding generations.

 

Review Questions

  1. How did Naboth the Jezreelite die and what happened thereafter? V. 15
  2. Why did Elijah go to see Ahab? V. 19
  3. How did Ahab react when he saw Elijah? V. 20
  4. Briefly describe King Ahab. V. 25, 26
  5. How did God judge Ahab, Jezebel, and their children? V. 9, 21-24

 

Application

  1. How do some Christians react when God sends people to correct or warn them on some of their actions?
  2. Covetousness made Ahab to fall sick which eventually led to the death of Naboth. Give other examples of the evils that go with this sin.
  3. Ahab somehow consented to the killing of Naboth, and God saw all that was done. Today, all sorts of evil is being done. Why do you think God has not reacted as in the days of King Ahab?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   September 5, 2021

Topic:                                     Elijah – Part III (The Fire-speaking Prophet)

Text:                                       II Kings 1:1-17

 

Memory Verse:                      Heb. 12:29, “For our God is a consuming fire.”

 

Introduction

After the death of Ahab, his son, Ahaziah reigned in his stead. Ahaziah sustained an injury when he fell through a network in an opened window. He then sent messengers to enquire from Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron about his future. Baal-zebub was the god of flies which is known for its abominable idols. This act of Ahaziah was a great insult to the living God who now sent Elijah the prophet to judge him in that he would definitely die. On receiving the message, Ahaziah sent soldiers to arrest Elijah who had gone to stay on a mountain top. Elijah called fire down from heaven as he did in the days of Ahab, this time to destroy the soldiers. He also destroyed the second set of soldiers in the same way. And John, the sons of Zebedee nicknamed Boanerges (meaning the sons of thunder) requested a repeat of this act of Elijah when Jesus was not received in a Samaritan village. Jesus however, rebuked them because He said, He had come to preserve life and not to destroy it.

 

Review Questions

  1. What led to Ahaziah’s sickness? V. 2a
  2. To whom did he sent a message? V. 2b
  3. How did Elijah get to know of the message? V. 3
  4. How did Ahaziah know that it was Elijah, his messengers met? V. 8
  5. What happened to the first two sets of soldiers that went to arrest Elijah? V. 10, 12
  6. How was Elijah finally persuaded to come down from the mountain? V. 13, 15

 

Application

  1. How do some Christians go about finding solutions to their health and other problems?
  2. What should be our reaction if we find security men coming to arrest our minister or interrupt our service?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   September 12, 2021

Topic:                                     Elijah – Part IV (His Translation)

Text:                                       II Kings 2:11-15

 

Memory Verse:                      Eccl. 7:8a, “Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof … and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.”

 

Introduction

Having worked for God during a period of great apostasy in Israel, it was now time for Elijah to leave the scene for Heaven. In our previous lesson, Elijah part I, we will recall that God had already appointed Elisha in his stead. The exit of Elijah was revealed to himself, Elisha and the sons of the prophets (prophets in training). Before Elijah was taken to heaven, he travelled with Elisha from Gilead through Bethel and Jericho to Jordan. Indeed it was a test on Elisha’s patience. Even when Elijah discouraged him by his asking him three times to tarry, three times he still persisted on following him to Jordan. Elisha’s steadfastness paid off as he had a spiritual experience which the sons of the prophet missed. When Elijah saw Elisha’s perseverance, he stopped persuading him. However, when they crossed the Jordan river, he gave him an opportunity to ask what he, Elijah, would do for him before he was taken away from him. Elisha replied that he wanted a double portion of Elijah’s spirit. It was a hard thing but not impossible. God helped Elijah to have a successor and this should be the aim of every minister or Christian worker. We ought to have disciples who will take over from us when we exit. As Elijah and Elisha journeyed there appeared a chariot of fire and horses of fire which separated them and Elijah gloriously went to Heaven without tasting death.

 

Review Questions

  1. How many cities did Elijah and Elisha pass through before Jordan? V. 1, 2, 4
  2. What was the comment of the sons of the prophet in Bethel and Jericho to Elisha? V. 5a
  3. How did Elisha react to 2 above? V. 5b
  4. How many people left Jericho for Jordan? V. 6-7
  5. What did Elisha request from Elijah? V. 9
  6. How did Elijah go to heaven? V. 11
  7. How did Elisha receive his request from Elijah? V. 12-14

 

Application

  1. Describe the attitude a Christian should adopt in discipleship with reference to Elijah and Elisha
  2. Elisha persevered before he received what he desired. Note that he had to endure discouragement from Elijah and mockery from the sons of the prophets. What should be the attitude for a Christian when passing through persecution?

 

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   September 19, 2021

Topic:                                     Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard

Text:                                       Matt. 20:1-16

 

Memory Verse:                      I Cor. 3:9, “For we are labourers together with God, ye are God’s husbandary, ye are God’s building”

 

Introduction

A man who owned a vineyard hired labourers early in the morning, at nine O’clock, at noon, at three O’clock and also at five. He had agreed to pay the labourers, who were hired early in the morning a penny. However, at the end of the day he paid all the labourers, a penny each, irrespective of when they were hired. The work men who had laboured all day grumbled, but the master claimed it was the rate they agreed and it was his right to decide on what to pay. What happened here teaches us that rewards will be given based on faithfulness to service not necessarily on the length of service. That is why it is necessary to be faithfully to the end.

 

Review Questions

  1. What was the Kingdom of heaven likened to? V. 1
  2. What were their terms of agreement for the work? V. 2
  3. When were other labourers engaged for the same work? V. 3-6
  4. What kind of people did the master pick for the work and what was their excuses? V. 3, 6, 7
  5. At what period did the master pay them the settled amount? V. 8
  6. Who was angry and why? V. 10
  7. What was the master’s response and justification of his action? V. 13-15

 

Application

  1. Share experience of how Christians react like the labourers hired in the early morning
  2. What lessons do we learn from the rating of the vineyard owner? What does that teach us of God’s system of reward?

 

 

Sunday                                   September 26, 2021

Topic:                                     Anointing with Oil

Text:                                       Exo. 30:22-31; Mark 6:13; Jas. 5:14-15

 

Memory Verse:                      Song of Sol. 1:3a, “Because of the saviour of thy good ointment thy name is as ointment poured forth.”

 

Introduction

God instituted the rite of anointment with oil in the Old Testament times for dedication and consecration of priest, prophets and kings at the time of their appointment into office and for things dedicated for God’s service such as the tabernacle and its furniture and the altar. Anointing with oil was never done indiscriminately for every cause and for every purpose and by anybody. For example, God instructed Moses to anoint Aaron and his sons for priests. The person to be anointed must first be accepted by God and then the anointing would be done. Oil is a symbol of the Holy Spirit: so anointing with oil represents acceptance of the person. Similarly, God instructed Samuel to anoint David king over Israel, and Elijah to anoint Elisha as a prophet.

Jesus Christ Himself was anointed by the Holy Spirit and not with ordinary oil. The word “Christ” or “Messiah” means “the anointed one”. He is now our altar, our High Priest, prophet and king. The promises of God are fulfilled if Jesus Christ. It is only in Him that God makes His promises of which the Holy Spirit is witness. God has also given us the name Jesus for our anointing oil. He is bound to fulfill every promise made in Christ Jesus for it brings glory to His Name. We therefore can use the name of Jesus to dedicate things to God.

In the New Testament, there are only two places in which anointing oil was used and in both places it was for healing. The disciples cast out devils from people and they applied oil on the sick for their healing. James recommends that elders should anoint the sick with oil and pray for their healing. Oil was and is never used to cast out evil spirits but the Name of Jesus Christ did and still does.

 

Review Question

  1. Who instituted the use of anointing oil and for what purpose? Ex. 30:22, 25
  2. What were the constituents of the anointing oil? Ex. 30:22-24
  3. What were the purposes of anointing with oil: (a) in the Old Testament (b) in the New Testament. Ex. 30:26, 27 & 30; Mark 6:13
  4. Who are those qualified to perform the rite of anointing with oil? Mark 6:13; James 5:14

 

Application

  1. Is anointing with oil still necessary today? If not why?
  2. Comment on the indiscriminate use of anointing with oil that is prevalent today.
  3. Some teach that anointing with oil is the only method of divine healing today. Discuss this teaching in the light of the scriptures.

 

 

 

Sunday                                   October 3, 2021

Topic:                                     Daniel: The boy who could not defile himself

Text:                                       Daniel 1:1-21

 

Memory Verse:                      Eccl. 2:26a … “For God giveth to a man that is good in His sight wisdom, and knowledge and joy …”

 

Introduction

Daniel (meaning “God is my judge”) was one of the royal captives taken from Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, Kingof Babylon in 604 BC. The King gave orders that some young, intelligent and gifted royal Hebrew captives and Chaldeans should be educated, catered for and trained in the language and culture of the Chaldeans for three years after which they should serve in his government.

Daniel and three other Hebrew captives: Hananiah (Shedrack), Mishael (Meshach) and Azariah (Abednego) were chosen to be among them. Daniel was determined that he would neither eat the king’s food nor drink his wine to avoid being defiled. He made a request to Melzar, the steward, to serve them pulse and water only. Melzar was afraid to do that fearing that they would look ill and that would land him in trouble. Daniel persuaded him to give them trial for ten days only. At the end of the ten days, Daniel and his three friends appeared to be healthier and better than the rest of their colleagues.

 

Review Questions

  1. Nebuchadnezzar wanted to train some of the royal Hebrew captives. What qualities were required of those to be chosen? V. 4
  2. Why did Daniel refuse to eat the king’s food? V. 8
  3. Why was Melzar the steward afraid to grant his request? V. 10
  4. After the ten days trial, why was Melzar encouraged to continue giving them the requested food? V. 15
  5. What talents did God give to: (a) Daniel and (b) his friends? V. 17
  6. How did they fare at the end of the test? V. 19-20

 

Application

  1. If you were in a strange environment where you are being compelled by the authorities to do what you rightly know is against the will of God, what would you do?
  2. Have you ever found yourself in such a situation and what happened?
  3. God always rewards faithfulness. Are you faithful in your home, church, school, office or business?

 

 

Sunday                                   October 10, 2021

Topic:                                     Daniel: The boy whose faith in God could not be shaken

Text:                                       Daniel 6:1-10

 

Memory Verse:                      Matt. 5:16, “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heave”.

 

Introduction

Daniel, one of the Hebrew captives in Babylon, rose to a high position of responsibility under Nebuchadnezzar and continued to the reign of Darius. Daniel was so proficient in his work that King Darius wanted to promote him above the others. This made his fellow presidents and the princes so jealous that they wanted to ruin him.

They spied on him and tried hard to find out a fault or crime they would use against him. Daniel was so transparently honest that they did not succeed. The only area in which they could use was his devotion to his God. Daniel’s enemies then went to the king and persuaded him to make a decree banning everyone in the kingdom from making a request from any God or man except from the king for a period of thirty days. Anyone who broke this law would be thrown into the lion’s den. The king then complied with their request probably because it boosted his eyes.

 

Review Questions

  1. What kind of government did King Darius set up? V. 1-2
  2. What post was Daniel given? How did he (Daniel) carry on with his work? V. 3
  3. The others were jealous of Daniel, why? V. 4
  4. They tried to find fault with Daniel so that they could accuse him. Why did they not succeed?
  5. What did they do next? V. 5-7

 

Application

  1. Daniel stood out among others for his diligence and honesty. Christians are supposed to be “the light” in their places of work and in their business dealings (Matt. 5:14, 16); how far is this true of your life?
  2. Have you ever experienced persecution in your place of work or residence as a result of your faith? How did you react to such a plot?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   October 17, 2021

Topic:                                     Daniel: The boy who could not be harmed by lions

Text:                                       Daniel 6:10-28

 

Memory Verse:                      Acts 5:29b, “We ought to obey God rather than man”.

 

Introduction

King Darius appointed Daniel as one of the three presidents in his kingdom. Daniel excelled himself so much that the other presidents and princes were jealous of him. They, therefore, sought a means of doing away with him. Not being able to find fault with him, they decided to trick the king into signing a decree banning everyone from making petitions to God or man except the king, for a period of thirty days.

Daniel was not a man to be shaken in his faith and obedience to God because of fear of man. He went ahead and prayed as he used to do. He was thrown into the Lion’s den for breaking this law. King Darius could not help him but God did help him and the lions did not harm him. His enemies were now cast into the lion’s den with their families and the lions devoured all of them. Darius also made another decree giving honour to the God of Daniel and requiring all to fear him.

 

Review Question

  1. What was Daniel’s reaction to the law made by King Darius? V. 10
  2. Daniel did not abstain from prayers for fear of death. He preferred to honour his God before men. What did king Darius do when Daniel’s enemies reported him? V. 14
  3. Why was the king not able to save Daniel? V. 15-17
  4. What did the king do while Daniel was in the lions’ den? V. 18
  5. Early the next morning king Darius ran to the den. Was he really sure that Daniel was safe and that Daniel’s God was able to deliver him? V. 20
  6. What profound effect did Daniel’s deliverance have on king Darius. V. 23-27

Application

  1. It was Daniel’s constant practice to pray three times in the day like all devout Jews. How often do you pray? (Refs: Psa. 55:17; Acts 6:4; Rom. 1:9, 12:12; I Thess. 5:17)
  2. If a decree is mischievously made to stop you from worshipping God, would you disobey it at the risk of your life?

Sunday                                   October 24, 2021

Topic:                                     Daniel: The boy who studied, understood and acted on the scriptures

Text:                                       Daniel 9:1-23

 

Memory Verse:                      2 Chronicle 7:14, “If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves and pray, and seek my face, and turn fom their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sins and will heal their land …”

Introduction

Daniel, while studying the scriptures, came to understand that the Jews were to spend seventy years in captivity in Babylon. When he finished reading, he went into fasting and prayer before God. He pleaded with God to forgive the sins of his people and restore their land. He did not seek to exempt himself from blame but acknowledged the sins of himself and his people, and contrasting them with God’s goodness and mercies.

While he was still praying, God answered him and sent Angel Gabriel to him to give him a vision of the future of Israel.

Review Questions

  1. What led Daniel to go to God in fasting and prayer? V. 2
  2. What message did Daniel read? V. 2; Jer. 25:11; 29:10
  3. What had Daniel to say about himself and his people? V. 5-10
  4. What had he to say about God and His dealings with Israel? V. 4, 7, 9, 15
  5. What was his request from God? V. 17-19
  6. Was his prayer answered? If so, how soon? V. 20
  7. What new abilities did God give Daniel? V. 22-23

Application

  1. Daniel was a man that was very busy with government business yet he found time to read the scriptures, fast and pray. How does this apply to you in your place of work, business or school?
  2. What should be our right attitude to sin in the house of God? (Refs: 2 Chro. 7:13-14; Eze. 9:8; Dan. 9:3-4; Jas. 5:10b; 1 Jn. 1:8-9)
  3. Daniel was still on his knees when the answer came. What does this teach us about sincere prayers (Psa. 21:4; Isa. 45:11; 65:24; Jer. 33:3). On what occasions did you experience such an answer to prayers?

Sunday                                   October 31, 2021

Topic:                                     Daniel: The consistent, diligent and faithful young man

Text:                                       Selected verses in the Book of Daniel

 

Memory Verse:                      Prov. 22:29, “Seest thou a man diligent in his business? He shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men”

Introduction

Daniel was a consistent, diligent and faithful young man. As a boy, he decided to be good and clean and to worship his God with a clear conscience. As an adult, he lived the same way as he did when he was a boy. He set examples in Babylon, a nation that did not honour the God of Heaven and Earth, where he was taken captive. His promotions earned as a result of his honesty, diligence, effective use of his talents and dependence on God attracted the hatred, anger and envy of his Babylonian contemporaries. Although he had many problems, God delivered him from them all and greatly prospered him spiritually and materially.

Review Questions

  1. What did Daniel purpose in his heart during his training in Babylon? Dan. 1:8
  2. Why did Nebuchadnezzar think Daniel was better than the other children? Dan. 1:20
  3. What was the decree king Nebuchadnezzar passed in Daniel 2:13 and why?
  4. After the interpretation of the dream in Daniel chapter 2, Nebuchadnezzar greatly honoured and rewarded Daniel. What request did Daniel make from the king and why? Dan. 2:49. What character of Daniel is displayed here?
  5. In Daniel 2:45, Daniel said among other things “… and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.” What does this show about Daniels relationship with his God?
  6. What were the Queen’s testimonies about Daniel in the time of King Belshazzar? Dan. 5:10-12
  7. Why did King Darius prefer Daniel above the other presidents and princes? Dan. 6:1-3
  8. How does the memory verse (Prov. 22:29) apply to Daniel?

Application

Daniel was consistent, diligent and faithful throughout his stay in Babylon.

  1. Are you consistent in your words and actions?
  2. Can people depend on your words or promises?
  3. Are you diligent in your work or are you involved in eye-service to please man?
  4. Can God call you “beloved”, declare you “greatly beloved” as Daniel was? Dan. 9:23
  5. Daniel purposed in his heart not to defile himself, Dan. 1:8. What is your heart right now? (Prov. 4:23; Psa. 119:11; Phil. 4:8

 

 

 

 

 

Sunday                                   November 7, 2021

Topic:                                     The Barren Fig Tree

Text:                                       Mark 11:12-14, 20-24

 

Memory Verse:                      Matt. 7:19, “Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.”

 

Introduction

After the triumphant entry into Jerusalem, Jesus and His disciples retired to Bethany for the night. The next day as they were going from Bethany back to Jerusalem, He was hungry. Beside the road before them stood a fig tree which was conspicuous because of its abundant foliage. The fig season was not yet, but the state of the tree gave promise of premature fruit. With the fig trees, the fruit usually appears before the foliage, and therefore there ought to have been some fruits in this particular fig tree. Jesus came to the tree, and found nothing but leaves. He therefore pronounced judgment on the tree that no one might eat any fruit from it any longer. The next morning as they entered the city, they found the fig tree withered up from the root. The disciples did not observe the effect of the judgment to the next morning when they saw the withered fig tree.

 

Review Questions

  1. Why did the fig tree not bear fruits as at that time? V. 13b
  2. Why did Jesus curse the fig tree? V. 13-14
  3. What curse was placed on the fig tree? V. 14
  4. When did the disciples observe that the tree had withered? V. 20
  5. What was peter’s impression concerning the fig tree? V. 21
  6. What was Jesus’ reply? V. 22
  7. What lesson did Jesus teach His disciples concerning faith? V. 23
  8. What is the secret of having what we pray for? V. 24

 

Application

  1. What is the significance of Jesus’ curse on the fig tree to the believers?
  2. When can a church be said to be barren?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   November 14, 2021

Topic:                                     Sings of the second coming of Christ

Text:                                       Matt. 24:14-30; Luke 21:24-28; II Tim. 3:1-7

 

Memory Verse:                      Matt. 24:42, “Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come”

 

Introduction

The second coming of Christ will not be a secret occurrence. Both believers and unbelievers will see him in the sky. But before this happens, certain occurrences will precede it.

It is important to note from history that the period of tribulation dates from AD 538 until 1798, known as the Dark Ages when there was a union between the church and the state public persecution ceased in 1773 when the Reformation was born and the Bible and Gospel were given to the people.

Before the period of the great persecution ended, the sun darkened on 19th of May 1780. The same night the moon took on the appearance of blood. And as predicted, the greatest meteoric showers ever to be recorded in history was observed on the night of 13th November 1833. The heavens seemed ablaze and men became sober believing the Day of Judgment had arrived. By “meteoric showers” we mean the falling of little stars into the earth’s atmosphere. There is usually a blaze of light following them.

Despite these signs, there are yet the very last signs that will finally usher in the Second Coming of Christ.

 

Review Questions

  1. What is the very last event that will usher in the Second Coming of Christ and what is the aim of that sign? Matt. 24:14
  2. What is the great danger to people who rely on signs and wonders in any ministry? V. 24
  3. How will the Lord appear in His second coming? V. 27
  4. If, according to the introduction, the signs in verse 29 have occurred, how soon do you think the event of verse 30 will occur?
  5. What will make us know that the Second Coming is about to occur? Luke 21:25-28
  6. Which of the signs in 2 Timothy 3:2-5 have not yet occurred?

 

Application

  1. How far has the preaching of the gospel gone in the world as to make us know that the end is here with us? Discuss.
  2. Considering the type of preaching which is going on in some churches these days, do you think we are really getting ready for Christ’s Second Coming? Why?

 

 

Sunday                                   November 21, 2021

Topic:                                     The Rapture

Text:                                       I Thess. 4:13-18; I Cor. 15:52, 53

 

Memory Verse:                      Col. 3:4, “When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, the shall ye also appear with Him in glory”

 

Introduction

The Rapture is not so captioned in the Bible but the manner in which the event is described portrays the sudden and joyful way in which believers are to be transformed. The clause “we … shall be caught up …” is rendered in Latin as “Rapiemur”. Hence the word “Rapture”. This event will take place when Christ will come the second time. There is no doubt about His second coming. It will be known by everybody in the world as emphasized in the last Sunday lesson. He will appear in the sky to receive only the believers.

Only those who have kept themselves pure will be taken up (or raptured) to meet him in the sky. Therefore there is the need to emphasis holiness and love in the life of every professing Christian. Jesus is coming for Christians who are ready for Him.

 

Review Questions

  1. What, in Paul’s opinion, makes people to mourn when someone dies? I Thess. 4:13
  2. Who will be the first to be raptured, the living or the dead? Give reasons. V. 15
  3. Who will give the shout that will usher in the event? Explain v. 16
  4. How long do you think it will take for the dead and the living to change into spiritual bodies? I Cor. 5:52.

 

Application

  1. What should be our attitude when a born-again Christian dies and with what can we encourage others when such happens?
  2. We know Jesus is coming to rapture us any time from now. How can we prepare ourselves for the event?
  3. How far is it true that the rapture will involve only the living churches and their members?

 

 

 

Sunday                                   November 28, 2021

Topic:                                     The Tares and the Wheat

Text:                                       Matt. 13:24-30

 

Memory Verse:                      2 Cor. 6:17, “Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.”

 

Introduction

The parable of the Tares is meant to show a comparable situation and not necessarily comparing a man with the kingdom of Heaven. There are however some parallels as to the fact that the seeds were left to grow secretly until the harvest time. The way the tares end, is the same way unbelievers or those not born-again will also end.

In this parable the farmer is Jesus Himself while the good seeds are born-again Christians. The enemy is Satan while the tares are the evil ones. The reapers are the angels of Heaven and the harvest time is the end of the world. It is at the end of the world that the Lord will ask the angels to separate the Christians from the unbelievers. While the pure Christians go to Heaven, the evil ones will go to the lake of fire where “there is weeping and gnashing of teeth”.

 

Review Questions

  1. At what time did the enemy come to sow the tares? V. 25
  2. What first alerted the servants attention in the farm? V. 26
  3. Who did the owner of the farm say was responsible for the planting of the tares? V. 28
  4. Why did the farm owner refuse to have the tares uprooted immediately? V. 29
  5. What advice did the master give his servants concerning the tares and wheat? V. 30a
  6. What will be the end of the tares at harvest time? V. 30b

 

Application

  1. Have you observed any tares sown in your church and at what time?
  2. What is your immediate reaction when you observe tares in your church? Remember, the TARES represent EVIL DOERS.
  3. But what means do tares came into one’s life? (TARES here represent EVIL HABITS)

Sunday                                   December 5, 2021

Topic:                                     Healing the Blind Bar-ti-maeus

Text:                                       Mark 10:46-52; Lk. 18:35-43

 

Memory Verse:                      Lk. 18:42, “And Jesus said unto him, receive thy sight: thy faith hath saved thee”.  

 

Introduction

This blind man’s name is Bar-ti-maeus meaning “the son of Timaeus”. He was sitting by the high way leading out of the gate of Jericho and begging for alms.

One day as he was sitting there he heard a lot of noise and since he could not see, he had to ask somebody to explain to him what the noise or mass movement was all about. He was told that Jesus was passing that way. From his reaction we know that he was using this as an opportunity for his healing. That is why he persistently shouted “Jesus, thou son of David have mercy on me”. Out of compassion Jesus stood still to have him healed. The man had absolute trust in Jesus’ ability and willingness to heal him.

 

Review Question

  1. Who was the father of this blind man? Mk. 10:46
  2. What was the blind man doing by the high way? Mk. 10:46
  3. When he heard that Jesus was passing by, what did he do? Mk. 10:47
  4. When people told him to shut-up, did he keep quiet? What did he do instead? Mk. 10:48
  5. What was Jesus’ reaction to this cry for mercy? Mk. 10:49
  6. What did Jesus asked the blind man and what was his response? Mk. 10:51
  7. Did Jesus grant him his request? Mk. 10:52
  8. What was Bar-ti-maeus reaction after being made whole? Lk. 18:43

 

Application

  1. In what way can a Christian be said to be blind?
  2. What type of joy have you experienced since you become born-again
  3. How do we overcome the circumstances that can hinder our walk with the Lord?

Sunday                                   December 12, 2021

Topic:                                     Walking on the Sea

Text:                                       Mark 6:45-56; Matt. 14:22-33

 

Memory Verse:                      Mk. 9:23, “Jesus said unto him, if thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth”.

Introduction

After the miracle of the feeding of five thousand people, Jesus sent His disciples across the sea of Galilee while He remained behind to pray. It was night, and while they were crossing, a terrible storm arose. They had to struggle against the adverse wind, but in spite of their effort they made no head way.

During the fourth watch: between three and six o’clock in the morning, Jesus went to them walking on the sea. By this time the disciples were tired and needed to be encouraged. And he said to them, “Be of good cheer, it is I, be not afraid”. Peter desiring to confirm if it was Jesus, cried out, Lord, if it is really you, order me to come to you. Jesus consented and Peter immediately stepped out and started walking on the water. As long as he kept his eye on Jesus, he was able to walk on the sea, when he took his eyes off Jesus and began to look at waves, he started sinking and cried out for help. Jesus rescued him and rebuked him for little faith.

Jesus had power to walk on the sea and we His disciples have power by faith to walk on the sea and life.

Review Questions

  1. What did Jesus do when His disciples and the multitude away? V. 22, 23
  2. What did the disciple face as they were sailing on the sea? V. 24
  3. How did Jesus come to His disciples? V. 25
  4. What was the reaction of the disciples when they saw Him walking on the sea? V. 26
  5. What was Jesus word of encouragement to His disciples? V. 27
  6. What was Peter’s request and Jesus response? V. 28 & 29
  7. What made Peter to sink and what did Jesus do? 30, 31
  8. What happened when they came to the ship? V. 32, 33

 

Application

  1. What is the significance of Jesus walking on the sea to the Christians?
  2. Peter began to sink as he started focusing on the waves. How can focusing our attention on our problem affect our attention on our problem affect our walk of faith?

 

Sunday                                   December 19, 2021

Topic:                                     The Draught of Fish

Text:                                       Lk. 5:1-11

 

Memory Verse:                      Lk. 5:5, “And Simon answering said unto him, Master we have toiled all night and we have taken nothing: nevertheless at thy word I will let down the net”

 

Introduction

The miracle of catching so many fishes as to fill two big boats was one of the first miracles of Jesus. This was also the first time He met Simon who was later called Peter and the two sons of Zebe-dee, James and John

It appears before their call these three were partners in the fishing business. He also took these three to the mount of transfiguration. When He was to raise Jarius daughter to life, the three went with Him. They were the closest friends while on earth. It was this miracle of the draught of fish that brought about their conversion and call into the ministry of fishers of men.

 

Review Question

  1. Why did Jesus enter one of the ships? Lk. 5:1, 3a
  2. What did Jesus do in the ship? Lk. 5:3b
  3. What did Jesus ask Simon to do after He had finished teaching? Lk. 5:4
  4. What was Simon’s reply? Lk. 5:5
  5. What happened when they obeyed Jesus? Lk. 4:6, 7
  6. When Simon saw this great miracle, what did he do and why? Lk. 5:8-9
  7. What did Jesus say to Simon? Lk. 5:10
  8. What did they do after bringing their ships to land? Lk. 5:11

 

Application

  1. Simon was willing for Jesus to use his boat and the result was a great draught of fish and the call of three disciples. In what way can you willingly give what you have for Jesus’ use?
  2. What makes some church members want to avoid coming close to their pastors or elders
  3. Are you a fisher of men? When last did you catch one?

Sunday                                   December 26, 2021

Topic:                                     Joy to the World

Text:                                       Luke2:1-17

 

Memory Verse:                      John 1:9, “That was the true light, which lightet every man that cometh into the world”

 

Introduction

We cannot think of real joy outside of Jesus Christ. The one who has true joy must have had Jesus in him. Any other source of joy is transitory, localized by situations and circumstances and not satisfactory. It is only the joy we have in Christ that is so pervading that it can spread to the whole wide world. Such joy is not affected by earthly problems and circumstances. Jesus Christ Himself is the Joy we are talking about

The birth of Jesus Christ ushered in real joy, first to the angels in Heaven, to Mary and Joseph, the shepherds and the rest of mankind. This is because he has shown mankind the way of salvation and freedom from sin. On that account, every true follower of Jesus Christ ought to radiate this joy to his or her neighbour.

The Roman Government organized fresh census in different parts of the empire for the purpose of taxation and Judah, being a part of the administrative region of Syria, was also affected. Mary and Joseph were from the tribe of Judah. Hence they had to travel to their “tribe of origin” where they were to be counted.

 

Review Questions

  1. Caesar Augustus passed a decree that caused Joseph to move with his wife from their normal place of residence. What was that decree? V. 1
  2. Joseph moved from one city to another for the purpose of the census. What were these cities? V. 4
  3. Why did Mary have her baby in a manger? V. 7
  4. What set of people first heard the good news of the birth of Jesus Christ? V. 8-11
  5. How did the heavenly messengers calm the fears of the shepherds? V. 9, 10
  6. What sign enabled the shepherd to identify the baby, Jesus? V. 12
  7. What song did the heavenly host sing when Jesus was born? V. 13, 14

 

Application

  1. The angel gave the shepherds a sign to enable them identify the child. What sign can you give someone that would enable him or her identify particular person as a truly surrendered Christian?
  2. If one has a revelation from God, what would happen if he does not immediately act in relating the revelation to others in the church or fellowship?

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